Virtual Art Academy

A Step By Step Oil Painting of a Village in Xinchang

Painting Landscapes In Oils
Xinchang Old Bridge, by Barry John Raybould, 40cm x 50cm, Oil on Canvas, 2018

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A step by step oil painting demonstration of a landscape showing how to create a captivating focal area, by artist Barry John Raybould, creator of the Virtual Art Academy. This demonstration is a painting of a scene from an ancient village called Xinchang, near Shanghai in China.

Step By Step Oil Painting
Cat. No. 1221 Xinchang Old Bridge – 40cm x 50cm – Oil on Canvas – 2018

Xinchang is an old Chinese village built with traditional wooden houses showing how life was in China several hundred years ago. I painted here for a week in 2018 with Kevin Macpherson and Ken Cadwallader (past president of the Oil Painters of America) together some invited prominent local Chinese artists. We ended a week of intense painting with an exhibition of our work in one of the old historic houses in the village.

Step-by-Step Oil Painting Demonstration Overview

Step By Step Oil Painting

Cat. No. 1221 Painting Tutorial Step 10

Here is the procedure I used for how to paint this landscape.

Total Time: 3 hours

Step One: Map Shapes

Cat. No. 1221 Painting Tutorial Step 1

In step one of this step by step oil painting demonstration, I map the major shapes in the composition. In this example I used a technique called informal subdivision to divide up the space in to unequal areas, prior to doing the drawing. For more detail on this technique, see lesson C11 in Workshop C of the Apprentice Program Year One Painting Classes.

Step Two: Establish Linear Perspective

Cat. No. 1221 Painting Tutorial Step 2 perspective lines

Here I established the linear perspective in the scene by marking the vanishing point with a spot of paint and drawing the linear perspective lines.

Step Three: Transparent Block In

Cat. No. 1221 Painting Tutorial Step 3

I am now mapping the major shapes using patches of transparent color. At the same time I am establishing the pattern of lights and darks. Note that I’m not creating sharp edges at this point, leaving most of the edges soft. Also I am trying to find temperature differences between the patches of paint, painting some shapes warmer and other shapes cooler.

Step 4: Establish Values

Cat. No. 1221 Painting Tutorial Step 4

In this step I adjusted the values of some of the buildings using thin paint.

Step 5: Opaque Block In

Cat. No. 1221 Painting Tutorial Step 5

In this step I am starting to block in the major shapes using opaque colors. I am focusing on creating patches of different grays each having a definite hue. The goal is to create colorful grays, rather than neutral grays.

Step 6: Paint The Sky

Cat. No. 1221 Painting Tutorial Step 6

I am now painting the sky because the sky sets the whole tone of the painting. For this reason you need to get the sky painted in relatively early on in the painting process. In this particular painting I am using a fairly complex process to paint the sky using a technique called optical color mixing. I am painting the sky in yellow for the first layer. In the next layer I will go over the yellow with blues and other colors.

Step 7: Optical Color Mixing

Cat. No. 1221 Painting Tutorial Step 7

You can now see me graying the sky down by layering a blue gray on top of the yellow, being careful not to completely cover the yellow layer underneath. This creates an optical color mixing effect and gives the painting a greater feeling of light.

You can learn more about complementary and triadic optical color mixing in lessons PO6 and PO7 in Workshop P of the Apprentice Program Year Four Painting Classes.

Step 9: Color Focal Area

Cat. No. 1221 Painting Tutorial Step 9 annotated

In the step I am playing with color. I am trying saturated blues, yellows, and reds in my focal area to see how they play with the rest of the colors in the painting. These colors may or may not end up in the final painting. I do not consider painting to be a step-by-step process. Rather it is a series of experiments in which you try something to see if it works. It it does, you leave them. If they do not work you simply scrape them off and try something else.

Step 9: Refine Shapes And Detail

Cat. No. 1221 Painting Tutorial Step 10

In the final stage I refine the shapes, particularly in the focal area, and add some of the small details to add interest to the painting and to help lead your eye around the picture plane. Note the dots of red green and blue in different parts of the water and buildings away from the focal area. This is helping the I move around the painting using the principle of repeated color spots. I will go into that in more detail in lessons J11 in Workshop J of the Apprentice Program Year Three Painting Classes.

Preview (opens in a new tab)

In this step by step oil painting you have seen how to develop a focal area that will capture your viewer’s attention. They key is to keep most of the detail in that area, and to ensure that it has a color interest.

Brushwork Detail

Cat. No. 1221 detail of brushwork in oil painting tutorial

Here is some detail of the brushwork of the painting in this step by step oil painting demonstration.

Reference Photographs

Here are some reference photographs for this step-by-step oil painting demonstration.

Painting tutorial original scene
Painting tutorial original scene
figures photographic reference for painting tutorial

Student Project

To practice this step by step oil painting process, I suggest you do the following exercise:

Step 1

Create a few different crops from this photograph in order to identify the best shape design and space division. I suggest doing an outline study.

Step 2

Do a series of notan studies, and color maps to explore the dominant values, and potential color harmonies.

Step 3

Do a final painting. You can use your own method or try copying this step by step oil painting demonstration. Read more about how to paint a landscape.

About The Location Of This Step By Step Oil Painting Demonstration: Xinchang

The painting was done in Xinchang Ancient Village, near Shanghai, China. This in amazing ancient village not far away from Shanghai in China. It consists of ancient wooden built houses set amongst a series of waterways and canals. It is full of beautiful old wooden bridges and traditional Chinese architecture. It is well worth A visit if you are in the Shanghai area.

See for more photos.

Thank You

Thank you for taking the time to read this article. I hope you find it useful. If you would like to get free painting tips by email, please sign up for my free tips newsletter.

If you are interested in a structured approach for learning how to paint, take a look at my online painting classes.

Happy painting!

Barry John Raybould
Virtual Art Academy

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A Step By Step Oil Painting of a Village in Xinchang


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