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How To Paint Realism: Making Things Convincing 1

How To Paint Realism: Making Things Convincing

Whether you are painting landscapes, still lifes, or portraits, eighty percent of the realism in your painting comes from just one thing. So if you are struggling making your paintings look real, this might help you.

How To Paint Realism – Accurate Values

It was an eye-opener for me when learning how to paint realism to discover how important values are. Did you know that 80% of the realism in painting comes from choosing the correct value for each shape and not on how accurately you matched the color? I found that poor values account for most of the reasons why students paintings do not look “real.”

Tip 1: Practice your value scales

So if you want to learn how to paint realism, you need to work on your values. A good way to start is to build a value scale, which is a series of color spots of gradually increasing value. Common value scales are the three, four, five, and nine value scales. As you get more advanced, you can use more values.

If you want to quickly learn how to add realism in your work, I would suggest your start with practicing a four-value scale. The four values are black, white, light grey and dark grey.

a four value scale used to help create realism in your paintings
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Once you have your value scale, use it as a basis for keeping different shapes in your painting within these values.

Tip 2: Do a small painting in black, white, and grey

In “Big Sur Morning”, a painting I did just a couple of years after I started painting full time professionally, I was trying to capture the moody atmosphere that you get on the Big Sur coast when the fog rolls in.

an example of how to paint realism
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Getting the values correct is critically important when using atmospheric perspective to create depth, and capture the realism in painting.

four value study
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This is the small painting I created using only the four values, in preparation for the final painting. You can see that even though it is only in four values, this small painting has captured the scene, and only took a few minutes to paint using brush pens.

Each of the successive planes of cliffs get lighter in value to give the feeling of depth in the landscape. I discovered this tip for how to paint realism and its role in atmospheric perspective early on. It was this discovery of the role of values in atmospheric perspective that helped make the final painting work and win a top award in the Carmel Plein Air Art Festival many years ago.

More Oil Painting Techniques

See more oil painting techniques.

Definition Of Realism In Art

Realism is the accurate and detailed depiction of nature or of contemporary life. It is an attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without any deliberate change for reasons of style, creating some fiction, or showing the supernatural. Realism in art is based on a close observation of the outward appearances of things.

History Of Realism In Art

Historically realism refers to various art currents and movements throughout history. The term has been used to describe diverse artistic currents from many different civilizations. These include ancient Hellenistic Greek sculptures which accurately portray boxers and old women, the works of 17th-century painters such as Caravaggio, and the Dutch genre painters. Later realists were the Spanish painters Diego Velázquez, and Francisco de Zurbarán, followed by mid nineteenth century French painters such as Gustav Courbet and Jean-François Millet. These French artists painted subjects from everyday life in a naturalistic manner. Later artists such as Winslow Homer and Thomas Eakins also painted realistic subjects and continued the tradition.

The term Classical Realism however describes an artistic movement in the late-20th and early 21st century in which drawing and painting place a high value upon skill and beauty. However it could be argued that this is not realism in the true sense since it often depicted an idealized form of beauty, and not subjects as they actually were.

The term can also be used in a general sense to describe paintings that are painted in a realistic almost photographic way as in the photorealist movement in the twentieth century and to the various twentieth century Social Realist Movements in Russia and Germany.

Realism can also be used to distinguish paintings that represent something real from pure abstract work. This latter is the definition I tend to use in my writing.


What Our Students Are Saying About The Virtual Art Academy

The small steps are easy to do

The small steps are easy to do 2

I am extremely impressed with the process that Barry has developed for VAA.  Learning to paint can be intimidating, but when broken into many small projects it is very do-able.  I just did my first live model painting session- a 5 hour, one day session.  Thanks to VAA, I was able to break the painting down into chunks- the notan; using triangulation to check drawing points; the colours- hues, saturation, values; focal point; how to mix and handle the palette.  I did not expect a masterpiece with this first session, but was pleased to get as far as I did.  I look forward to continuing with the program.  Thank you!

Kim Stepney

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