Oil Painting Techniques:
What is Impasto?
Thick paint. From the Italian ‘impastare’ - to make paste. Using an impasto technique often leaves visible brush strokes in finished paintings.
When is impasto used?
Painted during the rainy season in the old village of Liujiang in Sichuan, China. sheltered under the roof eaves which fortunately were quite large!
This place was chosen for its interesting patterns created by the colorful umbrellas and of the red lanterns which are a feature of every Chinese town and village. The reflections in the wet pavement served to distribute these colors around the canvas and unify the design. The painting was quite large for a plein air piece, about 60cm by 80cm.
How is it done?
You can use different techniques for applying the paint to show the characteristic textures of different objects in your painting.
Here I used thick impasto strokes to convey the feeling of the wet pavement (See Image top right), and also to create the calligraphy on the walls.
On the walls of the wooden buildings I used thin transparent washes of paint layered on top of each other to convey the texture of old wood. (See image bottom right) This is very similar to a watercolor approach. By varying the type of brushwork you use in your work you open up many more exciting possibilities for your paintings.
Note: To learn more about how you can use brushwork to describe forms and texture, see the Brushwork lessons in Workshop G of the Virtual Art Academy Apprentice Program.
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